Upright monuments are what most people think of when they envision a memorial. These above-ground monuments have been referred to as “gravestones”, “headstones” or the antiquated “tombstones” and were previously made of limestone, marble or sandstone. Most memorials today use granite as the material of choice because of its strength and durability. These memorials are typically made up of one or more pieces that sit on a base. Some families might also choose a free-form boulder or rock or an elaborate sculpture. Engraving is generally done on either side of the monument and these larger upright memorials are typically used to mark a family plot rather than just an individual.